Christopher Barker

 

 

Geneva_Bible_Title_Page_1589Christopher Barkar (turned Barker) was born in 1529 in England to Edward Barkar and Joyce Burton. He had inherited wealth and position through his great uncle Sir Christopher Baker, a Garter Knight at Arms and a Knight of the Bath. In 1569 he began to have others print books for him, mostly Bibles and prayer books and in 1576 he obtained his own press. That year he printed copies of the Bible in two different versions. On September 27, 1577 for about $3,000 pounds he purchased a patent, or business license, which granted him the ability to use the title Queen’s Printer. “The full patent granted to Barker the office of royal printer of all statutes, books, bills, Acts of Parliament, proclamations, injunctions, Bibles, and New Testaments, in the English tongue of any translation, all service books to be used in churches, and all other volumes ordered to be printed by the Queen or Parliament.”1 He obtained the patent for his son and later his grandsons. He retired after 1588 and at that time he and his deputies had printed 70 editions of the Bible. He died November 29, 1599.

One thing that Christopher would not print were books of music and he would not provide shelves for them either.

Sources

http://www.datchethistory.org.uk/Link%20Articles/link_barker.htm

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Christopher_Barker_(printer) 1

Luckombe, Philip, A Concise History of the Origin and Progress of Printing: With Practical Instructions to the Trade in General January 1770, accessed via Google Play on April 9, 2018

https://www.reddit.com/r/AskHistorians/comments/5dgw6j/im_christopher_barker_the_queens_printer_where_do/

Stephen, Sir Leslie, ed.; London, England: Oxford University Press; Dictionary of National Biography, Volumes 1-20, 22; Volume: Vol 01; Page: 1115

Smith, Jeremy L., Thomas East and Music Publishing in Renaissance England Oxford University Press 2003,, accessed via Google Play on April 9, 2018

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Dr William Brownhill

Hanging of Dr. William Brownhill

 

I know, I know, I’m cheating today. But really, this story has high seas adventure, tragedy and romance nothing I could write would do it justice. Thank you to all of the people on ancestry.com who posted it and the dedicated cousins who have kept the story alive for over 300 years.

Sarah Webb

raidondeerfield

Sarah Webb Price

We all know Colonial times were rough and tumble and comforts were scarce. But how many realize how many “wars” went on before the Revolution. There were a number of Indian Wars such as Powhatan Wars(1610-1646), Pequot War(1636-1637), King Phillip’s War(1675-1676), King William’s War (1689-1697), Queen Anne’s War (1702-1711), the French and Indian War (1689-1763), the War of Jenkin’s Ear (1730’s) and Pontiac’s Rebellion(1763-1768) not counting the Seven Years War going on in Europe. English colonies were at war with the French, Spanish and various native tribes. So our colonial ancestors were pretty used to war and the brutalities associated with it. Sometimes these ancestors got stuck right in the middle of a battle while tucked in their beds asleep.

Sarah Webb was born about 1646 in Hartford, Connecticut to John Webb and Anne Basset. She married Robert Price around 1677 and among their children were daughters Elizabeth Stephens, whose husband Andrew was a Native American of unknown tribe, and Mary Smead and a son, Samuel. On the night of February 29, 1704 a group of French and a mixed band of native warriors (a mix of Abenaki, Mohawk, Wyndot and Pocumtuc met at Chamby to attack the small town of Deerfield. The raid had been planned since about 1702 and was under the command of Jean-Baptiste de Rouville and Wattanummon. The raid was not entirely unexpected and Deerfield had increased the pallisaides around the community and there were soldiers being housed in the town. Unfortunately, heavy snow fall had drifted making walk ways directly over the barriers in areas.

The first home attacked was that of the Reverend John Williams who was taken captive after his attempt to shoot the intruders failed when his pistol misfired. Not all of the household was so lucky, two of his children and a female slave were slaughtered in front of him. At the end of the raid 17 homes were destroyed, 44 residents were killed, mainly small children and infants and 109 were taken captive and marched to Canada roughly 300 miles away. Andrew Stephens was one of the men killed that night Mary, her in-laws and her two small children were also killed in the village. About 20 of captives including Sarah did not survive the march through the frozen land. Samuel was later ransomed and was able to return home around 1714. Elizabeth stayed with her captures and eventually married a Frenchman named Jean Fourneau.

Some people in the community had managed to escape the raid and ran for help, however, by the time help arrived it was deemed unsafe fo chase after the raiders due to the snow and the villagers lack of snowshoes.

Resources

http://1704.deerfield.history.museum/scenes/index.do

https://www.americanheritage.com/content/deerfield-massacre

http://www.americaslibrary.gov/jb/colonial/jb_colonial_deerfld_1.html

https://www.atlasobscura.com/places/deerfield-massacre-mass-grave

http://www.babcock-acres.com/Misceallaneous/deerfield_captives_of_1704.htm

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Raid_on_Deerfield

http://history.nd.gov/exhibits/lewisclark/colonialwars.html

https://www.legendsofamerica.com/na-colonialindianwars/

This is Halloween, This is Halloween… oh wait…

Today is Halloween, Samhain (Beltane for those in the southern hemisphere), All Hallows Eve (and a large number of Saint’s feast days and Reformation Day for some Protestant sects), Hop-tu-Naa, National Unity Day, World Cities Day, World Savings Day, and for those in Girl Scouting, it is Juliette Lowe’s birthday. On this day many cultures look at those that have gone before them, some in love and remembrance and others in fear. Of course, here in the U.S. today is a day of candy mayhem for children though trick or treat may have already occurred in many communities.

This year my family lost my maternal grandmother, Marjorie Schooley nee Russell in June. In August her oldest son, Ralph David Mortimer died after an accident. Later in August, my children lost their uncle, Jeffrey Caler. Both my children and husband had cousins die this year as well.

How do we remember these people, keep their memories alive? Tell stories, write their histories, share photos with far flung family. Americans tend to move on and forget their past, it seems it is in our blood. After all we are a nation formed by people leaving their old world behind to build a new one. Is this healthy though? Many faiths have ancestor veneration as part of their path, mine does. Why do some faiths feel that honoring the dead is so important. The Old Testament lists genealogies of prophets and kings, during the Middle Ages European nobility often built family trees that tied into Joseph or Joseph of Arimathea to prove their legitimacy to rule. Today with the relatively easy access to DNA testing and sites like Ancestry and 23andme, vast numbers of people are looking into their pasts. With those sites come people with questions, “Help, I was adopted”, “My father isn’t my father, what do I do”, “My great grandparents came from Sweden I don’t know their names.” This is sad to me. Personally, I have a block with one of my maternal great grandmother’s parents. I have what is supposed to be their names but all legal documents say otherwise. She is my brick wall. It is hard to honor those who have been lost to time.

If you are reading this blog you probably have an interest in genealogy, please for the sake of your grandchildren, write down your stories, the stories of your loved ones. Take photos, load them to social media, the cloud, zip drives, protect them from old age or computer failure or storm damage (many families in Japan lost their shrines after the tsunami). Don’t forget those “black sheep” they may be an embarrassment now but they are still kin and may one day be seen in a different light. My own family hid our relationship of Wyndham Mortimer, my great great grandfather’s brother (son of Rachel who I have written about) because of his communist leanings. One day we will all be someone else’s history.

Havamal

76

Cattle die, kindred die,
Every man is mortal:
But the good name never dies
Of one who has done well

77

Cattle die, kindred die,
Every man is mortal:
But I know one thing that never dies,
The glory of the great dead

 

Sharing Food Memories

Instead of only me posting, let’s make this post a sharing one. Tell us about one of your ancestors. I’ve been in a baking and canning mood, things that I learned from my paternal grandmother, Vivian Jaynes Frey, who died on Mother’s Day in 1995. She made a sweet pickle that was brined for 17 days in a sugar solution. I make a version of it every few years. I don’t know anyone else who makes them. I’m not sure if it is something she grew up with in southern West Virginia, if she picked it up while working in Baltimore during WWII or found it once she settled in southwestern Pennsylvania.

This is a similar recipe, but she used clove and cinnamon sticks instead of celery seed and never added coloring, http://www.cooks.com/…/g98…/katies-14-day-sweet-pickles.html.

Why Labor Day?

Despite what I heard yesterday on the radio, Labor Day isn’t the official end of summer (unofficial maybe) nor is a get drunk and blow things up day.  According to Wikipedia, “Labor Day in the United States is a public holiday celebrated on the first Monday in September. It honors the American labor movement and the contributions that workers have made to the strength, prosperity, laws and well-being of the country.”  What are we honoring? The men and women who fought to help put in place the perceived 40 hour work week, child labor laws, overtime pay, workplace safety laws. Things we tend to take for granted.  What we tend to forget is that this wasn’t easy, today when you’re popping open your drink with your burger on your lap remember the following:
The Haymarket Affair 
“The Haymarket Affair (also known as the Haymarket Massacre or Haymarket Riot) was the aftermath of a bombing that took place at a labor demonstration on Tuesday May 4, 1886, at Haymarket Square in Chicago. It began as a peaceful rally in support of workers striking for an eight-hour day and in reaction to the killing of several workers the previous day by the police. An unknown person threw a dynamite bomb at police as they acted to disperse the public meeting. The bomb blast and ensuing gunfire resulted in the deaths of seven police officers and at least four civilians; scores of others were wounded.”

 

Triangle Shirtwaist Fire (which came after the federal declaration for Labor Day)
“On March 25, 1911, the Triangle Shirtwaist Company factory in New York City burned, killing 145 workers. It is remembered as one of the most infamous incidents in American industrial history, as the deaths were largely preventable–most of the victims died as a result of neglected safety features and locked doors within the factory building. The tragedy brought widespread attention to the dangerous sweatshop conditions of factories, and led to the development of a series of laws and regulations that better protected the safety of workers.”
Pullman Strike
“More than 14,000 heavily armed federal troops, marshals and policemen called to duty in 27 states ranging from New York to California – 34 people shot dead, dozens seriously wounded, hundreds jailed…$80 million worth of property destroyed…the country’s vital rail system badly crippled …
It was the great Pullman strike of 1894, a virtual insurrection of working people against the corporate forces who dictated their conditions of employment, subjecting them without recourse to lives of poverty or near-poverty.
It took nearly three weeks and the might of the U.S. government itself to defeat them. But when it finally came, the defeat was among the most severe ever dealt the American labor movement.
The strike nevertheless was one of the most important of the events that ultimately led to widespread unionization and the granting of fundamental rights and protections to all U.S. workers, unionized or not.”
Ludlow Massacre
“The Ludlow Massacre was an attack by the Colorado National Guard and Colorado Fuel & Iron Company camp guards on a tent colony of 1,200 striking coal miners and their families at Ludlow, Colorado, on April 20, 1914. About two dozen people, including miners’ wives and children, were killed. The chief owner of the mine, John D. Rockefeller, Jr., was widely criticized for the incident.”

The above were just a sampling, other workers deaths are listed at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_worker_deaths_in_United_States_labor_disputes from 1850 to 1979.

 

References

http://www.dickmeister.com/id71.html
http://www.history.com/topics/triangle-shirtwaist-fire
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haymarket_affair
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Labor_Day
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_worker_deaths_in_United_States_labor_disputes
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ludlow_Massacre

97 Years of Women Voting

Thanks to Kindred Connection at WordPress it dawned on me that ninety-seven years ago today—18 August 1920, the 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was ratified, granting women the right to vote. As my fellow blogger remembered to honor the women in her family who were able to vote on this date I will do the same. As to which of the following women voted that first November I will probably never know.

Edith May Hammel born 01 Apr 1897, died 15 Oct 1988 lived her entire life in Southwestern Pennsylvania.

Emma Jane Ramsey born 10 May 1890 died 05 Jun 1971 lived her entire life in Lincoln County, West Virginia.

Anna Marie Brecht born 15 Aug 1856 in Rinboussia Germany and died 29 May 1926 in South Heights, Pennsylvania.

Margaret J Holley born 05 Nov 1853 in Hamlin, Lincoln, West Virginia, United States died 02 Jan 1922 in Ashland, Boyd, Kentucky, United States

Ariminta Belle Scites born 10 May 1866 and died 16 Feb 1948, lived her entire life in Lincoln County, West Virginia

May Thomas born 01 May 1888 and died 30 Oct 1967 she was born and died in Pennsylvania.

Rachel Jenkins, born 21 Apr 1852 in Ystradgynlais, Breconshire, Wales died 30 Nov 1920 in Lorain, Ohio

Ethel M Schooler, born 13 Sep 1891 in Lawrenceburg, Lawrence County, Tennessee and died 21 Dec 1962 in Aliquippa, Beaver County, Pennsylvania

Edna Frese born in 1892 and died in 1963, she lived her whole life in Pennsylvania.

Ada Davis born 16 Nov 1860 in Pennsylvania and died 20 Mar 1922 in Lorain, Ohio

Mary Ann Kronk, born April 1861 in Ohio and died 1946 in Pennsylvania.

Ernestine Keil, born 10 Sep 1864 in Germany and died 17 Dec 1955 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

I have other grandmother’s that may have been alive and citizens at this time but I do not currently have dates of death to confirm. Perhaps for 2020 I will have a complete list.

 

 

 

 

The following is a roll call of my known direct Colonial ancestors alive in 1776.

The following is a roll call of my known direct Colonial ancestors alive in 1776. Some of these individuals do have DAR/SAR registration numbers available. Some are not listed because I can not verify at this point in time that they were alive in 1776 nor does this list include those who were in the Colonies before this and were already deceased. Birth and death location is only provided for those who immigrated.

William Jayne
1712–1798

Tabitha Norton
1713-1808

 

Ebenezer Jayne, Reverend
1754–1826

Elizabeth Riggs
1765–1782

Henry Halley
1734–1799

Elizabeth Halley (maiden name currently unknown)
1738–1813

Bartholamy Ramsey
1776–1843

Elizabeth Wiseman
1761–1824

Richard Ramsey
1740–1824

Naomi Alexander
1736–1813

Margaret Alexander
1690–1789

Isaac Wiseman II
1738–1818

Elizabeth Davis
1738–1807

Isaac Wiseman I
1699–1779

Mary Neal
1702–1790

John Raines
1756–1845

Margaret Dooley
1765–1847

Amy Goodwin Mitchell
1732–1794

John Raines
1726–1787

Elijah Nicholas Hawkins
1774–1840

Peter Graves Perry
1770–1858

Lucy Faulconer
1772–1846

Abraham Russell
1750–1831

BIRTH 1750 • Ireland
DEATH BET. 1831–1839 • Smith, Washington, Pennsylvania, United States

Abraham Scott
1763–1845

Jane Finley
1761- after 1810

Samuel Scott
1740–1823

Rachel Tidball
1740–1810

James McCoy
1760–1807

BIRTH 1760 • Northern Ireland (Came to America with Father in 1772)
DEATH 27 MAR 1807 • Fayette, Allegheny, Pennsylvania

Rachel McCoy (maiden name unknown at this time)
1767–1830

Thomas Morris II
1745–1814

Ann Butler
1750–1834

Isaac Benward
1765–1843

Mary Lockart
1768–1819

David Lockart
1725–1813

Mary Lockart (maiden name unknown at this time)
1736–1814

David Lockard
1700–1789

John Cronk
1756–1839

Barbaray Broadbeck
1762–1839

Adam Brubeck Sr
1722–1778

BIRTH 17 MAY 1722 • Bern, Switzerland
DEATH 2 DECEMBER 1778 • Virginia, USA

Elizabeth Zhender
(was in US after 1743 but before 1762)

Michael David Culp
1755–1828

Magdalena Roth Rhodes
1753–1844

Magdalena Roth
1730–1799

Johann Phillip Kolb
1730–1835

BIRTH 1730 • Wurttemberger, Germany (here before 1755)
DEATH 1835 • Pennsylvania

Catherine Kolb (maiden names and birth/death dates unknown at this time)

 

Theodora Kalusine Komnena, Queen of Jersualem

Theodora Kalusine Komnena, Queen of Jersualem was born about 1145 to Isaac Komnenas and Eirene Synadene. When she was about twelve she was married off to Baldwin III to strengthen ties to the Byzantine Empire and to help support him against Nur al-Din, the Sultan of Syria. She was presented the city of Acre as a dowery and was to be given to her if Baldwin died without children which is what happened. His death left her a teenage widow, rich and beautiful. Such a situation is ripe for scandal and of course it occurred. Her father’s cousin, Andronikos, Lord of Beirut came to town. He was a married man but that hadn’t stopped him before carrying on an affair with Phillipa (sister to Prince Bohemed II of Antioch and sister in law to Emperor Manuel who himself was a maternal uncle to Theodora). He and Theodora ran off to Damasus under the protection of Nur al-Din. None of her family was happy with the situation, nor were her in-laws. Adultery, incest and elopement by a member of royalty were all crimes and a straight ticket to the lands of excommunication. While she was gone with her elict romance her lands in Acre reverted to her brother in law King Almeric who managed to keep the peace that Theodora’s marriage was to have created by marrying another Byzantine Princess.

Theodora and Andronikos had two children together while on the lam, Alexios and Eirene but she and the children were eventually captured and turned over to Manuel as a way to force Andronikos out of hiding. In 1180 he did and subnitted to Manuel. In 1183 Andronikos overthrew Manuel’s son and became Emperor of Constantiople but there are no records as to whether or not Theodora joined him there. However they were at least still in contact when Eirene was married to one of Manuel’s illegitimate sons and later when Theordora’s nephew Isaac needed ransomed. Unfortunately, he was not greatful and later took control of Cyprus. Andronikos did not have a happy ending, he became paranoid as he aged and the populace turned against him.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i-cLedkQdE8

Sources

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andronikos_I_Komnenos

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Theodora_Komnene,_Queen_of_Jerusalem

George Norton and Mary Machias

Mary Machias Norton Fowler was born between 1613 and 1615 in England. In about 1635 she married George Norton a tavern owner and carpenter with whom she had eleven children, ten of which lived past infancy. She became a member of the Salem Church on September 4, 1637. George died between June and September of 1659. She remarried, this time to Philip Fowler on February 27, 1660. She died November 4, 1694 in Ipswich, Essex County, Massachusetts.
George Norton was born in 1610 in England. He immigrated to Salem arriving in April of 1629 as part of the Higginston Fleet, which was the Mayflower’s 14th trip. He became a member of Salem Church on May 14, 1634 (along with William Hathorne an ancestor of Nathaniel Hawthorne and one of the judges at the Salem Witch Trials.) He held a number of offices such as: “Essex jury, 27 March 1638, 25 June 1639, 30 June 1641. Deputy of the Salem marshal (apparently for Gloucester), 2 November 1642. Essex grand jury (for Salem), 24 November 1657. Essex trial jury, 28 June 1659 (which helps pinpoint his death).Gloucester deputy to General Court, 8 September 1642, 10 May 1643. Gloucester member of committee on bounds between Ipswich and Gloucester, 3 May 1642. Commissioner to end small causes at Gloucester, 10 May 1643. On 29 May 1644 it was “ordered, (at the request of the town of Glocester,) that George Norton (as their eldest sergeant) shall exercise their military company”.” 1 He also left a sizeable estate that Mary was the executrix over.

Sources

Genealogical and Family History of the State of Connecticut: A Record of the Achievements of Her People in the Making of a Commonwealth and the Founding of a Nation, Volume 2
2
William Richard Cutter Edward Henry Clement Samuel Hart Mary Kingsbury Talcott Frederick Bostwick Ezra S. Stearns January 1, 1911
Lewis historical Publishing Company

https://www.geni.com/people/George-Norton-of-Ipswich/6000000007605523982

https://www.geni.com/projects/Great-Migration-Passengers-of-the-Higginson-Fleet-1629/5224

https://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=37844957

http://www.holliergenealogy.info/getperson.php?personID=I3063&tree=Hollier-Dufilho